Further famous cultural institutions are the Hungarian National Museum, House of Terror, Franz Liszt Academy of Music, Hungarian State Opera House and National Széchényi Library.The central area of the city along the Danube River is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has many notable monuments, including the Hungarian Parliament, Buda Castle, Fisherman's Bastion, Gresham Palace, Széchenyi Chain Bridge, Matthias Church and the Liberty Statue.
This made Budapest the twin capital of a dual monarchy.
The Magyar tribes led by Árpád, forced out of their original homeland north of Bulgaria by Tsar Simeon after the Battle of Southern Buh, settled in the territory at the end of the 9th century displacing the founding Bulgarian settlers of the towns of Buda and Pest, The cultural role of Buda was particularly significant during the reign of King Matthias Corvinus.
The Italian Renaissance had a great influence on the city.
At first it was a military settlement, and gradually the city rose around it, making it the focal point of the city's commercial life.
Today this area corresponds to the Óbuda district within Budapest.